This blog post is on macronutrients and micronutrients. Are you excited yet? Seemed like a good leading introductory sentence…no?? Well let’s just get to the good stuff then and we can critique my writing skills later.
Macronutrients constitute the bulk of the diet and supply energy and many essential nutrients.
Carbohydrates (carbs) break down into glucose which supplies energy. We need them in our central nervous system (helps your brain work) and are essential in intestinal/digestive health.
Proteins are broken down into peptides and amino acids. Proteins are required for tissue maintenance, replacement, function, and growth. It may also be used for energy if you are not getting it from carbs. Protein is essential in hormone production and helps preserve lean body mass.
Fats are broken down into fatty acids and glycerol, which is required for tissue growth and hormone production. They also help absorb some vitamins and can be pretty tasty!
Water—I don’t know if it is technically considered a macronutrient but you need a lot of it–a whole lot. Hydrate! I know, I know, that is very scientific.
Micronutrients are vitamins and minerals that are required in small amounts, thus the name micronutrient.
I didn’t make a list, there are a lot of them…some are water-soluble (i.e. vitamin c) and others are fat-soluble (i.e. vitamin D). Most of them must be consumed regularly because they do no stay in the body long; however Vitamins A, E, and B12 hang out a bit longer in the body.
Interesting…micronutrients must be consumed regularly…How do you ask?? In your food! Yes you can pop a pill, but most of that just turns into expensive pee because your body does not absorb the vitamins in pill form as well as it does when it’s consumed via food. Most of these essential vitamins and minerals are found in the glorious macronutrients that we spend so much time talking about! So if you are eating a well balanced diet (composed of carbs, fats, proteins and water) then you should be well off in your vitamin and mineral intake. Yes, there are times when it might be important to supplement, especially if you have a deficiency. It is important to get annual blood work done, to make sure everything is up to standard.
So there’s the skinny of macronutrients and micronutrients, but who cares about being skinny! I realize that is a debatable remark….think on it!